Rainfall analysis for the Northern Wadis of United Arab Emirates: A case study

Mohsen Sherif, Salem Akram, Amapr Shetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rainfall distribution in space and time, its consistency, probability of occurrences, and drought conditions in three selected wadis in the northern area of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been investigated. Like other arid and semi-arid regions, rainfall in the selected wadis is limited, scattered, and random. The standard deviation and coefficient of asymmetry of the rainfall patterns are relatively high. The three wadis have similar rainfall patterns based on the monthly, annual, and 24-h maximum rainfalls. Empirical equations were developed to estimate the annual and 24-h maximum rainfalls. A probability analysis is carried out for the annual and 24-h maximum rainfalls and probability graphs are developed with a confidence level of 95%. Intensity-duration-frequency curves are developed for the three wadis. A conceptual model is used in drought characterization. The available rainfall data of the three wadis are analyzed for drought intensity, duration, and frequency. Based on the drought characterization, the study region is classified as "arid." The present study constitutes the first comprehensive analysis for rainfall in UAE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-544
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Case reports
  • Droughts
  • Rainfall
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Environmental Science

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