Rainfall Consistency, Variability, and Concentration over the UAE: Satellite Precipitation Products vs. Rain Gauge Observations

Faisal Baig, Muhammad Abrar, Haonan Chen, Mohsen Sherif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Recent advancements in remote sensing have led to the development of several useful technologies that would significantly improve our understanding of atmospheric sciences. The ability to identify atmospheric conditions and determine the possibility and intensity of rainfall over a specific location represents one of the most important advantages. However, the use of remote sensing to measure precipitation in arid regions has revealed significant disparities due to a mixture of climatic and terrestrial factors. The objective of this study is to assess the precipitation consistency, variability, and concentration over the UAE using four multi-satellite remote sensing products, namely CHIRPS, CMORPH, GPM-IMERG, and the PERSIANN-CDR, considering daily rainfall data from 50 rain gauges for the period from 2004 through 2020. The study area is divided into various geomorphological regions to assess the accuracy of the products in different regions. Results reveal that the products with a finer spatial resolution such as CHIRPS and CMORPH are better in terms of annual and daily average values. CHIRPS and GPM-IMERG demonstrated better POD values of 0.80 and 0.78, respectively, while CMORPH and the PERSIANN-CDR showed POD values of 0.72 and 0.44, respectively. The correlation and error estimate analysis showed that the performance of different products varies in each region. The PERSIANN-CDR registered the highest correlation of 0.8 for the East Coast, while for other regions it could not correlate well. IMERG and CHIRPS were able to exhibit a good correlation value (up to 0.8) with the gauge observations. Precipitation concentration and variability analysis revealed that GPM-IMERG represents a better alternative to gauge data. It is concluded that multiple hydro-climatological measures should be utilized to assess the effectiveness of satellite products and select the best product for specific studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5827
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • UAE
  • precipitation concentration
  • precipitation consistency
  • rainfall variability
  • satellite precipitation products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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