Ranakinin, a naturally occurring tachykinin, stimulates phospholipase C activity in the frog adrenal gland

Magloire K. Kodjo, Laurence Desrues, Luisa Lavagno, Aldo Fasolo, J. Michael Conlon, Marie Christine Tonon, Hubert Vaudry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We have previously shown that the frog adrenal gland is innervated by a dense network of fibers containing ranakinin, one of the endogenous tachykinins in the amphibian Rana ridibunda, and we have found that ranakinin stimulates in vitro corticosteroid secretion by frog adrenal tissue. To elucidate the mechanism of action of ranakinin on the frog adrenal gland, we investigated the effect of ranakinin on cAMP formation and polypbosphoinositide metabolism. Incubation of frog adrenal explants with various tachykinins, including ranakinin, substance P, neurokinin A, or neurokinin B, did not produce any significant modification of cAMP concentrations. In contrast, ranakinin induced a time- and dose-dependent stimulation of inositol phosphate formation with a concomitant decrease in membrane polyphosphoinositides. Pretreatment of the tissue slices with the phospholipase C inhibitor U-73122 or with pertussis toxin completely abolished the stimulatory effect of ranakinin on inositol phosphate formation. Prolonged administration of U-73122 to perifused frog adrenal explants markedly attenuated the ranakinin-evoked stimulation of corticosterone and aldosterone secretion. Taken together, these data indicate that in the frog adrenal gland, ranakinin has no effect on the adenylyl cyclase system, but enhances polyphosphoinositide hydrolysis. The stimulatory action of ranakinin on inositol phosphate formation and corticosteroid secretion is mediated through activation of a phospholipase C positively coupled to a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology


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