Rat immunoreactive cholecystokinin (CCK): characterization using two chromatographic techniques

A. J. Bacarese-Hamilton, T. E. Adrian, P. Chohan, S. R. Bloom

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Acid and neutral extracts of rat cerebral cortex and upper small intestine were prepared and the endogenous concentrations of cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) measured by three new CCK-specific radioimmunoassays. The characterization of the immunoreactive CCK molecular forms was undertaken using gel permeation chromatography in the presence of 6 M urea to minimise problems relating to peptide adsorption or aggregation. Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was also performed on the rat tissue extracts. Rat cortex contained 268 ± 12 pmol/g CCK-LI, and over 90% resembled the sulphated CCK-8, which was preferentially extracted at neutral pH. In contrast, the rat upper small intestine (97 ± 8 pmol/g of CCK-LI) contained less than 20% CCK-8, the majority of immunoreactive CCK being of larger molecular size and being preferentially extracted at acid pH. In the small intestine the predominant molecular form(s) was intermediate in size between CCK-33 and CCK-8. Large amounts of CCK-33 and of a molecular form larger than CCK-33 were also detected. It is concluded that post-translational cleavage of CCK differs in rat brain and gut.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1985
Externally publishedYes


  • gel filtration
  • high performance liquid chromatography
  • molecular heterogeneity
  • rat cholecystokinin (CCK)
  • specific radioimmunoassays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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