Raw clay supported ZnO nanoparticles in photodegradation of 2-chlorophenol under direct solar radiations

Ahed H. Zyoud, Sara Asaad, Samer H. Zyoud, Shaher H. Zyoud, Muath H. Helal, Naser Qamhieh, Abdul Razack Hajamohideen, Hikmat S. Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Advanced oxidation process of the water organic contaminants is among the promising technologies for water purification. In this work, ZnO nanoparticles have been supported on natural clay particles. The prepared composite ZnO/Clay has been characterized by solid state electronic absorption spectra, X-ray diffraction and scanning electronic microscopy. It is used in photodegradation of aqueous 2-chlorophenole (2-CP) with direct solar radiation. As the catalyst surface charge and point of zero charge presumably influence adsorption uptake and photodegradation of the 2-CP molecules, these two properties have been studied here. For the composite, the optimal contaminant adsorption pH is 8.7, which is the optimal photodegradation value as well. The composite ZnO/Clay shows higher adsorption and photodegradation efficiency in 2-CP degradation compared to naked ZnO. This highlights the future practicality of using this composite catalyst under various natural conditions. Moreover, the ZnO/Clay can be easily recovered and reused for third cycle with no significant loss of efficiency. Complete mineralization of the 2-CP has been confirmed after enough time (2 h). This has been manifested by analysis for remaining organic materials inside the reaction mixture, using UV-vis spectra, high performance liquid chromatography and total organic carbon measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104227
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • 2-chlorophenol
  • Photodegradation
  • Zero point charge
  • ZnO/Clay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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