RBFNN versus GRNN modeling approach for sub-surface evaporation rate prediction in arid region

Ammar Hatem Kamel, Haitham Abdulmohsin Afan, Mohsen Sherif, Ali Najah Ahmed, Ahmed El-Shafie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Evaporation from sub-surface reservoirs is a phenomenon that has drawn a considerable amount of attention, over recent years. An accurate prediction of the sub-surface evaporation rate is a vital step towards drawing better managing of the reservoir’ water system. In fact, the evaporation rate and more specifically from sub-surface is considered as highly stochastic and non-linear process that affected by several natural variables. In this research, a focuses on the development of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) model, to predict the evaporation rate has been proposed. The model's input variables for this model include temperature, wind speed, humidity and water depth. In addition, two AI models have been employed to predict the sub-surface evaporation rate namely: Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN) and Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN) as a first attempt to utilize AI models in this topic. In order to substantiate the effectiveness of the AI model, the models have been applied utilizing actual hydrological and climatological in an arid region, for two soil types: fine gravel (F.G) and coarse gravel (C.G). The prediction accuracy of these models has been assessed through examining several statistical indicators. The results showed that the Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) model has the capacity for a highly accurate evaporation rate prediction, for the subsurface reservoir. The correlation coefficient for the fine gravel soil, and coarse gravel soil, was recorded as 0.936 and 0.959 respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100514
JournalSustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Arid region
  • Evaporation rate estimation
  • Neural network model
  • Prediction model
  • Sub-surface reservoir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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