Reaction of Hydroperoxy Radicals with Primary C1-5 Alcohols: A Profound Effect on Ignition Delay Times

Saleh E. Rawadieh, Ibrahem S. Altarawneh, Mohammad A. Batiha, Leema A. Al-Makhadmeh, Mansour H. Almatarneh, Mohammednoor Altarawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Ignition delay times of primary alcohols often display a noticeable sensitivity to their initial reactions with HO2 radicals. In view of the transient nature of HO2 radicals, kinetic models on combustion of alcohols utilize theoretically obtained constant parameters for the abstraction HO2 + alcohols reactions. Rate constants for the title reactions in pertinent kinetic models are often extrapolated from analogous computed values for either alkanes + HO2 or n-butane + HO2 reactions. Even for the simplest alcohol, methanol, literature values for the reaction rate constants considerably vary within one order of magnitude. Herein, we compute reaction rate constants for H abstraction from the weakest sites in primary C1-5 alcohols by HO2 (methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, i-propanol, n-butanol, i-butanol, t-butanol, n-pentanol, and i-pentanol). In most cases, our reaction rate coefficients tend to slightly exceed corresponding values deployed in pertinent kinetic models. We have thoroughly assessed the predictive performance of literature kinetic models in computing ignition delay times of these alcohols based on the updated rate constants for HO2-abstraction reactions. In the case of methanol, updating kinetic parameters for the reaction CH3OH + HO2 → CH2OH + H2O2 improves prediction of ignition delay times at lower temperatures in reference to original literature kinetic models. Likewise, a modified kinetic model for n-butane and t-butanol affords better agreement with experimental values of ignition delay times at low temperatures and high pressures. Kinetic parameters presented herein will be useful to accurately account for salient oxidation features of alcohols in real combustion engines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11781-11794
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 21 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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