Recent advances in the role of MXene based hybrid architectures as electrocatalysts for water splitting

Imran Haider Sajid, Muhammad Z. Iqbal, Syed Rizwan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The development of non-noble metal based and cost-effective electrocatalysts for water splitting has attracted significant attention due to their potential in production of clean and green hydrogen fuel. Discovered in 2011, a family of two-dimensional transition metal carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides, have demonstrated promising performance as electro catalysts in the water splitting process due to their high electrical conductivity, very large surface area and abundant catalytic active sites. However, their-long term stability and recyclability are limited due to restacking and agglomeration of MXene flakes. This problem can be solved by combining MXene with other materials to create their hybrid architectures which have demonstrated higher electrocatalytic performance than pristine MXenes. Electrolysis of water encompasses two half-cell reactions, hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) at the cathode and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at the anode. Firstly, this concise review explains the mechanism of water splitting. Then it provides an overview of the recent advances about applications of MXenes and their hybrid architectures as HER, OER and bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting. Finally, the recent challenges and potential outlook in the field have been presented. This concise review may provide further understanding about the role of MXene-based hybrid architectures to develop efficient electrocatalysts for water splitting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6823-6847
Number of pages25
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Feb 26 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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