Reciprocal distance Laplacian spectral properties double stars and their complements

H. A. Ganie, B. A. Rather, M. Aouchiche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several matrices are associated with graphs in order to study their properties. In such a study, researchers are interested in the spectra of the matrix under consideration, therefore, the properties are called spectral properties, with reference to the matrix. One of the interesting and hard problems in the spectral study of graphs is to order the graphs based on some spectral graph invariant, like the spectral radius, the second smallest eigenvalue, the energy, etc. Due to hardness of this problem it has been considered in the literature for small classes of graphs. Here we continue this study and add some more classes of graphs which can be ordered on the basis of spectral graph invariants. In this article, we study spectral properties of trees of diameter three, called double stars, and their complements through their reciprocal distance Laplacian eigenvalues. We give ordering of these graphs based on their reciprocal distance Laplacian spectral radius, on their second smallest reciprocal distance Laplacian eigenvalue, and on their reciprocal distance Laplacian energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-593
Number of pages18
JournalCarpathian Mathematical Publications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 30 2023


  • double star
  • energy
  • reciprocal distance Laplacian matrix
  • spectral ordering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


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