Reconciled Nanoarchitecture with Overlapped 2 D Anatomy for High-Energy Hybrid Supercapacitors

Salah Abureden, Fathy M. Hassan, Aiping Yu, Zhongwei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A unique and novel, flower bouquet-like, vanadium disulfide (VS2) nanosheet structure with very small prominent VS2 nanoparticles (10–25 nm) anchored on the surface of graphene nanosheets (VS2/G) was synthesized by a facile solvothermal method. The material showed superior electrochemical performance upon testing as a supercapacitor and achieved specific capacitance values of 211 and 135 F g−1 at current densities of 1 and 20 A g−1, respectively, with 97 % capacitance retention after 8000 cycles at 5 A g−1 with high coulombic efficiency. The material was used to fabricate a full-cell hybrid supercapacitor (HSC), which showed a specific capacitance of 132 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 with remarkable cyclability up to 8000 cycles at 5 A g−1 and a loss of less than 1×10−4 F cycle−1. The HSC demonstrated an excellent energy density of 46.93 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 0.91 kW kg−1 and retained a high energy density of 23.11 Wh kg−1 even upon increasing the power density tenfold (9.40 kW kg−1). This unique material synthesized by a simple method is a very promising candidate for next-generation energy-storage technologies that can fill the gap between batteries and supercapacitor devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1919-1926
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Technology
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • energy storage
  • graphene
  • power density
  • supercapacitors
  • vanadium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy

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