Reconstitution of glycopeptide export in mixed detergent-solubilised and resealed microsomes depleted of lumenal components

Bassam R.S. Ali, Laura C. Edwards, Mark C. Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Export of macromolecules from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen into the cytosol is a major aspect of the quality control systems operating within the early secretory system. Glycopeptides are exported from the ER by an ATP- and GTP-dependent pathway, which shares many similarities to the protein export system. Significantly, for glycopeptides, there is no requirement for cytosolic factors, biochemically distinguishing the glycopeptide and protein paths and probably reflecting the lower conformational complexity of the former substrate. Genetic studies in yeast, and biochemical data from higher eukaryotes, indicate that glycopeptides utilise the Sec61 translocon. Here, we report a new system allowing access to lumenal ER components, facilitating assessment of their importance in glycopeptide retrotranslocation and potentially other processes. Saponin, in combination with CHAPS, but not saponin alone, facilitated removal of >95% of lumenal protein disulphide isomerase (PDI) and BiP. Upon resealing, these microsomes retained glycopeptide export competence. These data suggest that the majority of lumenal components of the ER are most likely nonessential for glycopeptide export. In addition, export competence was highly sensitive to the addition of external protease, indicating a role for protein factors with cytoplasmically exposed determinants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Glycopeptide
  • Quality control
  • Reconstitution
  • Retrograde transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry


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