Recycling tire rubber in cement-based materials

Mahmoud Reda Taha, Amr S. El-Dieb, Moncef L. Nehdi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


The disposal of scrap tires has become an international concern. In Canada and the USA, hundreds of thousands of tires have been stockpiled with some authorities banning its landfill. The construction industry can beneficiate substantial volumes of shredded and crumb tire. This article is an overview of recycling tire rubber in concrete. It is shown that concrete with 20-30 MPa incorporating crumb and chipped tire rubber particles can be produced with a tire rubber aggregate replacement content less than 20%. Such a rubcrete can have adequate workability and air content, relatively low compressive strength, tensile strength and modulus of elasticity, high impact strength, high ductility and fracture toughness, and reasonable freeze-Thaw resistance. The major concern with rubcrete is the significant loss of compressive strength and stiffness at high levels of aggregate replacement with tire rubber particles. However, surface treatments to enhance the bond of tire rubber particles to cement paste represent an efficient approach for enhancing the mechanical properties of rubcrete. Replacing coarse and/or fine aggregate with tire rubber particles results in increasing the strain capacity of concrete. Significant increase in material ductility and ability to absorb energy with increasing tire rubber particle content was reported. It is shown that rubcrete has a clear potential where flexibility and ductility are sought after, for example in tunnel linings, shock barriers, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
EditorsMoncef L. Nehdi
PublisherAmerican Concrete Institute
Number of pages14
EditionSP 314
ISBN (Print)9780870312991
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventEco-Efficient and Sustainable Concrete Incorporating Recycled Post-Consumer and Industrial Byproducts at the ACI Fall 2013 Convention - Phoenix, United States
Duration: Oct 20 2013Oct 24 2013

Publication series

NameAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
NumberSP 314


OtherEco-Efficient and Sustainable Concrete Incorporating Recycled Post-Consumer and Industrial Byproducts at the ACI Fall 2013 Convention
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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