Reduced glomerular size selectivity in late streptozotocininduced diabetes in rats: Application of a distributed two-pore model

Loay Lubbad, Carl M. Öberg, Subramanian Dhanasekaran, Abderrahim Nemmar, Fayez Hammad, Javed Y. Pathan, Bengt Rippe, Omran Bakoush

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalbuminuria is an early manifestation of diabetic nephropathy. Potential contributors to this condition are reduced glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) size- and charge selectivity, and impaired tubular reabsorption of filtered proteins. However, it was recently reported that no significant alterations in charge selectivity of the GFB occur in early experimental diabetic nephropathy. We here aimed at investigating the functional changes in the GFB in long-term type-1 diabetes in rats, applying a novel distributed two-pore model. We examined glomerular permeability in 15 male Wistar rats with at least 3 months of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes (blood glucose ~20 mmol/L) and in age-matched control rats. The changes in glomerular permeability were assessed by determining the glomerular sieving coefficients (θ) for FITC-Ficoll (molecular radius 20–90 Å) using size exclusion HPLC. The values of θ for FITC-Ficoll of radius >50 Å were significantly increased in STZ-diabetic rats compared to age-matched controls (θ for 50–69 Å = 0.001 vs. 0.0002, and θ for 70–90 Å = 0.0007 vs. 0.00006, P < 0.001), while θ for FITC-Ficoll <50 Å tended to be lower in diabetic rats than in controls (θ for 36–49 Å = 0.013 vs. 0.016, ns). According to the distributed two-pore model, there was primarily an increase in macromolecular transport through large pores in the glomerular filter of diabetic rats associated with a loss of smallpore area. Deterioration in the glomerular size selectivity due to an increase in the number and size-spread of large pores, with no changes in the permeability of the small-pore system, represent the major functional changes observed after 3 months of induced experimental diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12397
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Capillary permeability
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Fractional clearance
  • Glomerular filtration barrier
  • Macromolecules
  • Proteinuria
  • Sieving coefficient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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