Reformulating the empowerment process through women entrepreneurship in a collective context

Poh Yen Ng, Bronwyn P. Wood, Bettina Lynda Bastian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop an empirically informed framework to analyze women empowerment and entrepreneurship, contextualized within a collective society. Design/methodology/approach: The authors conducted 15 in-depth semi-structured interviews with women entrepreneurs located in the United Arab Emirates to understand their entrepreneurial experiences and how they were empowered. Findings: Findings suggest that the three aspects of power characterized as “positive” from within Rowlands’ distinctions (“power to”, “power with” and “power within”) dominate, as opposed to those emphasized in the literature (“power to” and “power over”). Findings include empowerment of the “me” (individual) also synergistically contributes to empowerment of the “we” (society), when considering empowerment within a collective society. Originality/value: A psychology model was used as a basis to develop a Collective Empowerment Process Framework. This framework provides a fresh look at empowerment, allowing for explanations of how women in specific contexts experience empowerment and social change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-176
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Collective context
  • Empowerment
  • Gender
  • Women entrepreneurs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)


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