Relationship of salivary adipocytokines, diet quality, physical activity, and nutrition status in adult Emirati females in United Arab Emirates

Amita Attlee, Hayder Hasan, Afra AlQattan, Nada Sarhan, Razan Alshammari, Shaikha Ali, Maryam Nabil, Alaa Alattrash, Veena Raigangar, Mohamed Madkour, Hema Unnikannan, Samir Awadallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) ranks as the fifth most obese country with increasing cardio-metabolic risks. In this paper, relationships of salivary adipocytokines (markers of cardio-metabolic syndrome), diet quality and physical activity in 90 normal-weight, overweight and obese (30 subjects in each group) Emirati adult females were investigated. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was adopted. Anthropometric measurements, diet quality and physical activity questionnaires were administered. Overnight fasting saliva was collected to determine levels of adiponectin, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Results: Salivary adiponectin was significantly lower, while TNF-α was higher in obese than normal-weight subjects. IL-10 displayed a lower trend in obese subjects. Though diet quality and physical activity did not exhibit significant differences among the three groups, better diet quality and higher physical activity level were reported among normal-weight subjects. Salivary TNF-α correlated positively with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.37; p < 0.001) and waist circumference (r = 0.31; p < 0.001), while adiponectin correlated negatively with BMI (r = −0.28; p < 0.05). IL-10 showed negative trend in correlation with obesity measures. Correlations were not observed between diet quality and physical activity with salivary adipocytokines. Interestingly, a significant negative correlation emerged between diet quality and neck circumference (r = −0.24; p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that salivary adipocytokines correlate with obesity measures and can serve as convenient adjunct method in predicting cardio-metabolic risks in the population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Diet quality
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Salivary adipocytokines
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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