This study was designed to assess the combined effect of both aluminium and salt stress on the processes and molecules pertinent to these stresses and to establish relationship between these two stresses on the basis of photosynthetic attributes and antioxidant enzymes in wheat cultivars. Seven different varieties of wheat grown under environmentally controlled conditions. At 10 days stage of growth, plants were treated with NaCl (100 or 150 mM) and/or Al (05 or 10 mM) through soil. At 30 days stage, treatment of Al and salt stress alone showed the similar deteriorating response in terms of photosynthetic traits and LWP whereas, electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation, H2O2 content along with enzymes of antioxidant and proline content varied in different varieties of wheat. Moreover, the combination of Al and salt stress further increased the antioxidant enzymes and proline accumulation. However, salt stress restrict the uptake of Al by roots in significant manner under combine treatment of Al and salt stress. The pattern of tolerance was observed on the basis of enhanced antioxidant system and proline accumulation and cultivar LOK-1 and 502 showed maximum and minimum tolerance respectively against the combination of salt and aluminium stress.
- aluminium stress
- salt stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)