Review on wastewater treatment ponds clogging under artificial recharge: Impacting factors and future modelling

Ghada A.M. Abdalrahman, Sai Hin Lai, Ismael Snounu, Pavitra Kumar, Ahmed Sefelnasr, Mohsen Sherif, Ahmed El-shafie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Artificial recharge (AR) of treated wastewater (TWW) has been widely applied in arid areas as a promising technique to replenish groundwater and control the depletion of aquifers. Consequently, surface clogging and reduction of infiltration rate (IR) in infiltration basin problems have appeared on the surface. Clogging generally arises as a result of various chemical, physical and biological processes through the infiltration of TWW. The primary concern in this study is based on the factors influencing the development of soil clogging, thus contributing to the reduction of IR. These factors were classified into major categories, namely, factors related to soil characteristics, factors related to TWW, operation process and hydraulic loading rates. Furthermore, this study presents a review of the traditional models used in evaluating the IR and a comparison between these traditional models and artificial neural networks using various statistical criteria. The uncertainty remains in the precise impact of the quality of water and soil parameters on the clogging of basins. Thus, arousing a need to establish an integrated ideation for the factors impacting the clogging of infiltration basins, and to develop an artificial neural network model that can simulate all conditions and yield accurate results to the field value.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101848
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Artificial neural network modelling
  • Artificial recharge
  • Infiltration rate
  • Soil clogging
  • Treated wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Review on wastewater treatment ponds clogging under artificial recharge: Impacting factors and future modelling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this