Rheological behavior of bentonite-polyester dispersions

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The rheological behavior of a bentonite clay dispersed in unsaturated polyester was investigated. The effects of the solid content and particle size on the steady and transient rheological properties of the dispersions were studied. In addition, two types of bentonite with different Na +/Ca+2 ratio were used in this study. The Herschel-Bulkley and the Weltman models were used to describe the apparent viscosity of the bentonite-polyester composite in relation to the shear rate and shearing time. The bentonite-polyester dispersions were found to exhibit both Newtonian and non-Newtonian behavior. The transition from a Newtonian to a Bingham plastic and then to a shear-thinning material with a yield stress was found to depend on the solid concentration, the particle size, and the type of bentonite. At a low solid content, the apparent viscosity of the bentonite dispersion increased linearly with solid concentration. But a dramatic increase in the apparent viscosity beyond a solid content of 20 wt.% was observed. On the other hand, a thixotropic behavior was detected in bentonite-polyester dispersions with a high solid content and a low particle size. However, this behavior was more pronounced in dispersions with a high Na+/Ca+2 ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalMechanics of Composite Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


  • bentonite
  • composite
  • polyester
  • rheology
  • shear thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • General Mathematics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics


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