Role of Magnetic Fields in the Formation of Direct Collapse Black Holes

Muhammad A. Latif, Dominik R.G. Schleicher, Sadegh Khochfar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct collapse black holes are the leading candidates for the origin of the first supermassive black holes. However, the role of magnetic fields during their formation is still unclear as none of the previous studies has been evolved long enough to assess their impact during the accretion phase. Here, we report the results from a suite of 3D cosmological magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations which are evolved for 1.6 Myr comparable to the expected lifetime of supermassive stars (SMSs). Our findings suggest that magnetic fields are rapidly amplified by strong accretion shocks irrespective of the initial magnetic field strength and reach the saturation state. They stabilize the accretion disks and significantly reduce fragmentation by enhancing the Jeans mass in comparison with pure hydrodynamical runs. Although the initial clump masses are larger in MHD runs, the rapid coalescence of clumps in non-MHD cases due to the higher degree of fragmentation results in similar masses. Overall, the central clumps have masses of 105 M and the mean mass accretion rates of ∼0.1 M yr−1 are similar in both MHD and non-MHD cases. The multiplicity of SMSs is significantly reduced in MHD simulations. Such strongly amplified magnetic fields are expected to launch jets and outflows which may be detected with upcoming radio telescopes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume945
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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