Salicylic acid minimizes nickel and/or salinity-induced toxicity in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) through an improved antioxidant system

Mohammad Yusuf, Qazi Fariduddin, Priyanka Varshney, Aqil Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction This study was hypothesized that salicylic acid elevates the level of antioxidant system that will protect plants from the stress generated by nickel and/or salinity. Materials and methods Seeds of Brassica juncea were sown in sand amended with NiCl2 (100 mg kg-1) and/or 15-day-old seedlings supplied for 3 days with NaCl (150 mM) and were then, at 20-day stage, sprayed with salicylic acid (10-5 M) to assess selected morphological, physiological, and biochemical parameters at 30-day stage. Results The combination of Ni and NaCl proved most deleterious and exhibited significant decline in growth, leaf water potential, the level of pigments, and photosynthetic attributes. However, the follow-up treatment with salicylic acid detoxified the stress-generated damages caused by the combination (NiCl2 and NaCl) and also significantly improved values for the above parameters. The NiCl2 and/or NaCl increased electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation, and H2O2 content but decreased the membrane stability index and activity of nitrate reductase and carbonic anhydrase. However, the salicylic acid treatment in the presence or absence of the stress improved the activity of nitrate reductase and carbonic anhydrase. The activity of antioxidative enzymes and the level of proline exhibited a significant increase in response to NiCl2 and/or NaCl stress and which enhanced further with the spray of salicylic acid. Conclusions It is concluded that the elevated level of antioxidative enzymes and level of proline might be responsible for minimizing the Ni and/or salinity-induced toxicity in Indian mustard which is manifested in terms of improved growth and photosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brassica juncea
  • Enzymatic antioxidants
  • Leaf water potential
  • Nickel
  • Photosynthetic machinery
  • Salicylic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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