Salt glands in the zoysieae

K. B. Marcum, C. L. Murdoch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Salt glands were found in two species of the genus Zoysia of the tribe Zoysieae, sub-family Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Glands protrude from and are recumbent to the leaf epidermis, and consist of two cells, a basal cell and upper cap cell. Glands were better developed on the adaxial surfaces. Those on the abaxial surface appear to be non-functional. Zoysia matrella, the more salt-tolerant species, had a higher density of larger glands, and secreted more sodium per unit leaf mass, resulting in much lower leaf sap osmolalities than those of the more salt-sensitive Z. japonica. The finding of salt glands in the tribe Zoysieae confirms its relation to the four other tribes within the sub-family Chloridoideae in which salt glands have previously been reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Botany
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Japanese lawngrass
  • Manilagrass
  • Poaceae
  • Salt glands
  • Salt tolerance
  • Secretion
  • Sodium chloride
  • Zoysia japonica
  • Zoysia matrella
  • Zoysieae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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