Saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In many coastal areas around the globe groundwater constitutes the main, if not the only, sources of fresh water. This is typically true in arid and semi-arid regions where rainfall is scarce and surface water resources are almost absent. Due to their milder climatic conditions as compared to inland areas, urbanization and development activities are mainly encountered in the coastal areas imposing an additional stress on the already exhausted aquifers. Adjacent saltwater water bodies encourage such aquifers causing considerable degradation in the water quality. This paper presents an overview of the saltwater intrusion phenomenon into coastal aquifers. The approaches of simulation and the mechanism of intrusion are elaborated with more focus on the dispersion zone approach. The initial and boundary conditions for the problem are discussed. The problem is very sensitive to the seaside boundary through which the saltwater intrudes into the aquifer. A study case for the Nile Delta aquifer in Egypt is presented and results are compared with field data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeoengineering in arid lands. Developments in arid regions research 1.
EditorsA.M.O. Mohamed, K.I. Hosani
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy -
Duration: Sept 17 2000Sept 20 2000

Publication series

NameGeoengineering in arid lands. Developments in arid regions research 1.


Other40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this