Sandwich-structured bamboo powder/glass fibre-reinforced epoxy hybrid composites – Mechanical performance in static and dynamic evaluations

Ain U. Md Shah, Mohamed T.H. Sultan, Mohammad Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


A layer of woven E-glass fibre was embedded each at top and bottom layer of bamboo-filled epoxy, producing sandwich-structured hybrid composites. The incorporation of woven glass fibre was intended to slow down the crack propagation in composites. Different bamboo powder loading was applied to analyse its effect on the static and dynamic mechanical properties of composites. The composite with the lowest bamboo powder loading of 10% marked the highest tensile strength, where the strength decreased as the loading increased. Poor bamboo-epoxy adhesion, observed from the SEM, leads to more chances of pull out fibres when tensile load was applied. Opposite trend was observed in flexural strength, where the highest loading of 30% marked the highest value of flexural strength. The dynamic evaluation was carried out with respect to temperature, which ranged from 25°C to 150°C, and at a fixed frequency of 1 Hz. Effective stress transfer between the fibre and the matrix takes place in composites with 30% bamboo powder loading, shown by the lowest peak height of the Tanδ curves. The significant increase in the storage modulus values for the composites at low temperature compared to the rubbery plateau region at high temperature suggested the high utility of the composites at low temperature regardless of the effect of the percentage increment in bamboo powder loading. These results showed that the bamboo powder inclusion helps in bestowing stiffness to the composites with 30% as the optimum percentage in this dynamic mechanical evaluation. It can be suggested that the introduction of woven-typed fibre into short fibre composites in sandwich structure, as discussed in this study, can slow down the failure of composites, and thus notify users before the total failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-64
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Sandwich Structures and Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • bamboo composites
  • Composites
  • dynamic mechanical analysis
  • glass fibre
  • modulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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