Objective To determine whether meeting physical activity (PA) recommendations and/or having high age-specific cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) attenuate the adverse effect of prolonged sedentary time on cardiovascular risk factor (CV-RF) clustering in older adults. Patients and Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of Norwegian women (495) and men (379) aged 70 to 77 years from August 22, 2012, through June 30, 2013. Sedentary time and PA were assessed by accelerometers and CRF by directly measured peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and CIs for the association between sedentary time and prevalence of CV-RF clustering (≥3 of the following: hypertension, high blood glucose level, high waist circumference, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, or high triglyceride level) and for the modifying effect of PA and CRF. Results Overall, 163 of the 495 women (32.9%) and 140 of the 379 men (36.9%) had CV-RF clustering. Each additional hour of sedentary time was associated with 22% (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.02-1.45) and 27% (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.04-1.55) higher likelihood of having CV-RF clustering in women and men, respectively, whereas a 1–metabolic equivalent decrement in VO2peak corresponded to 57% (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.34-1.84) and 67% (OR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.44-1.95) higher likelihood of CV-RF clustering in women and men, respectively. High CRF (VO2peak >27.5 mL/kg per minute in women and >34.4 mL/kg per minute in men) attenuated the adverse effects of high sedentary time on CV-RF clustering, even among individuals not meeting recommendations for PA. Conclusion High age-specific CRF fully attenuates the adverse effect of prolonged sedentary time on CV-RF clustering, independent of meeting the PA consensus recommendation in older adults.
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