Seismic Performance of a Novel Single and Double Spring-Based Piston Bracing

Anas Salem Issa, M. Shahria Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Concentric braced frames (CBFs) are commonly used all over the world to resist seismic forces in buildings. Buckling, however, is a major concern for CBFs, in which they lose their strength and stiffness when subjected to load reversals during earthquakes. To tackle this problem, a novel easy-to-fabricate low-cost spring-based piston bracing (SBPB) system is developed with single and double friction spring configurations. In this system, a brace member is able to carry a large magnitude of tension and compression forces using a special spring in the piston cylinder. Stable and self-centering hysteresis behavior is achieved when the system is subjected to qualifying quasi-static loading. The strain rate effect is assessed and comparable results are achieved without any performance degradation. Numerical simulation shows excellent matching with the test results. Two 4-story braced steel buildings are designed utilizing buckling-restrained braces (BRBs) and SBPB, and their performances are compared in terms of interstory drift and residual drift. The proposed system experiences zero residual deformations but relatively larger drift values when compared with BRBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04018261
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Bracing
  • Friction spring
  • Hysteresis
  • Piston
  • Quasi-static
  • Seismic resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Seismic Performance of a Novel Single and Double Spring-Based Piston Bracing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this