Seismic performance upgrade of substandard RC buildings with different structural systems using advanced retrofit techniques

Roshen Joseph, Aman Mwafy, M. Shahria Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


There has been ongoing deliberation to arrive at promising retrofit strategies for pre-seismic code reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Against this backdrop, the research reported in this study puts forth solutions by focusing on advanced retrofit approaches for improving the seismic performance of substandard RC buildings with structural systems common to medium seismicity regions. High-performance reinforced concrete (HPRC) jacket application and self-centering energy dissipative (SCED) braces are the contemporary retrofit alternatives prioritized in this study to upgrade RC structural systems deficient in stiffness, strength and/or ductility. While these retrofit techniques were previously investigated at the member level, this study focuses on implementing thin-HPRC jacket applications, innovative outrigger-belt truss SCED bracing systems, and hybrid approaches on three-dimensional (3D) fiber-based numerical models representing substandard RC structures with different heights. Inelastic pushover analyses and multi-record dynamic response simulations are conducted to assess the retrofit alternatives by monitoring several local damage indices (LDIs) and the related global damage measure (GDM). The study confirms the effectiveness of retrofit measures for a moment-resisting frame building (MRF) deficient in lateral capacity and a high-rise shear wall (SW) building with insufficient global ductility. The presented systematic methodology accounts for the redistribution of seismic demands after retrofitting critical elements and enables selecting effective seismic retrofit solutions, namely SCED bracing system for MRF structure and hybrid retrofit for the high-rise SW building, using probabilistic seismic performance assessment along with cost and practical considerations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105155
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2022


  • 3D fiber-based models
  • HPRC jacket
  • MRF
  • Pre-code RC buildings
  • SCED braces
  • Seismic retrofit
  • Shear walls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials


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