SEMRP: An Energy-efficient Multicast Routing Protocol for UAV Swarms

Youssra Cheriguene, Soumia Djellikh, Fatima Zohra Bousbaa, Nasreddine Lagraa, Abderrahmane Lakas, Chaker Abdelaziz Kerrache, Abdou El Karim Tahari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The deployment of a swarm of cooperative UAVs applications for the execution of distributed tasks has increased attention from both academia and industry researchers. The use of a group of UAVs instead of one single UAV offers many advantages like extending the mission coverage, providing a reliable ad-hoc networks services, and enhancing the service performance, to name a few. However, due to the highly dynamic nature of the swarm topology, the coordination of a large number of UAVs poses new challenges to traditional inter-UAV communication protocols. Therefore, there is a need for the design of new networking protocols that can efficiently support the fast-pace and real-time requirements of a coordinated swarm navigation in various environments. In this paper, we propose SEMRP a Swarm energy-efficient multicast routing protocol for UAVs flying in group formations. The main purpose of SEMRP is to facilitate the control and information delivery between UAVs while minimizing inter-UAV packet loss, packet re-transmission, and end-to-end delay. In this study we show how SEMRP achieves these objectives by taking into account various Quality-of-Service parameters like the network throughput, the UAVs mobility, and energy efficiency to ensure a timely and accurate information delivery to all members of a UAV swarm. The results of the conducted simulation using NS-2 advocate for the efficiency of our proposal through its to two presented versions (SEMRP-v1 and SEMRP-v2) in term of reducing the total emission energy (at least by 10 dBm), optimizing the End-to-End Delay by 44%, and increasing the packet delivery ratio by more than to 22% compared to SP-GMRF protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2020 IEEE/ACM 24th International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications, DS-RT 2020
EditorsDusan Maga, Jiri Hajek
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728173436
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Event24th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications, DS-RT 2020 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: Sept 14 2020Sept 16 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2020 IEEE/ACM 24th International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications, DS-RT 2020

Conference

Conference24th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Distributed Simulation and Real Time Applications, DS-RT 2020
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period9/14/209/16/20

Keywords

  • Multicast Routing Protocol
  • SEMRP
  • Swarm of UAVs
  • UAVs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Modelling and Simulation

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