Sensor Technology for Autonomous Vehicles

Henry Alexander Ignatious, Hesham El-Sayed, Manzoor Ahmed Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Autonomous systems including Autonomous Vehicles (AV) operate with or without human intervention. To achieve partial (or) full-fledged autonomy, the AVs must be able to sense and react to their surrounding environment. Autonomous vehicles (AVs) use a variety of sensor technologies to observe their surroundings and make logical decisions based on the data gathered, just as humans do. Perception systems (sensors onboard AVs) provide enough information to enable autonomous transportation and mobility under optimal operating conditions. Comprehensive sensing of the environment requires multiple sensors to operate simultaneously to acquire precise information from the surroundings and the internal state of the vehicle. In reality, there are still a number of challenges that might obstruct the operation of AV sensors and, as a result, reduce their effectiveness under more realistic situations. This chapter discusses various features and facts related to physical AV sensors, including the categories of sensors, their functionality, characteristics, behavior toward climate conditions, and their applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sensors and Biosensors
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-4, First Edition
PublisherElsevier
Pages35-51
Number of pages17
Volume1-4
ISBN (Electronic)9780128225486
ISBN (Print)9780128225493
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Advanced driver assistance system
  • Autonomous driving
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Camera
  • Detection range
  • LIDAR
  • Machine learning
  • Perception
  • RADAR
  • Resolution
  • Sensor fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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