Serial addition: Locally connected architectures

Valeriu Beiu, Snorre Aunet, Jabulani Nyathi, Robert R. Rydberg, Walid Ibrahim

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper will briefly review nanoelectronic challenges while focusing on reliability. We shall present and analyze a series of CMOS-based examples for addition starting from the device level and moving up to the gate, the circuit, and the block level. Our analysis, backed by simulation results, on comparing parallel and serial addition shows that serial adders are more reliable while also dissipating less. Their reliability can be improved by using reliability-enhanced gates and/or other redundancy techniques (like e.g., multiplexing). Additionally, the architectural technique of short-circuiting the outputs (of several redundant devices/gates/blocks) exhibits "vanishing" voting and an inherent fault detection mechanism, as both transient and permanent faults could be detected based on current changes. The choice of CMOS is due to the broad design base available (but the ideas can be applied to other technologies), while addition was chosen due to its very solid background (both theoretical and practical). The design approach will constantly be geared towards enhancing reliability as much as possible at all the levels. Theory and simulations will support the claim that a serial adder is a very serious candidate for highly reliable and low power operations. Finally, our simulations will identify the VDD range where the power-delay-product and energy-delay-product are minimized. All of these suggest that a reliable (redundant) solution can also be a low power one if using serial architectures, while speed could still be traded for power (e.g., by dynamically varying the supply voltage both above and below Vth.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2564-2579
    Number of pages16
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
    Issue number11 SPEC. ISS.
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • Addition
    • Fault/defect tolerance
    • Multiplexing
    • Nanoarchitectures
    • Reliability
    • Serial architectures

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Hardware and Architecture


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