Serogrouping of United States and some African serotypes of bluetongue virus using RT-PCR

Imadeldin E. Aradaib, Mohamed E.H. Mohamed, Tamadour M. Abdalla, Joesph Sarr, Mohamed A. Abdalla, Mohamed A.M. Yousof, Yahia A. Hassan, Abdel Rahim E. Karrar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The diagnostic potential of RT-PCR for detection of bluetongue virus (BTV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequence in cell culture and tissue samples from infected ruminants from United States, Sudan, South Africa and Senegal, was evaluated. The non structural protein 1 (NS1) gene of North American BTV serotype 11 was targeted for PCR amplification. The United States BTV serotypes 2, 10, 11, 13 and 17 and the Sudanese BTV serotypes 1, 2, 4 and 16 and BTV serotype 4 from South Africa and BTV serotype 2 from Senegal were studied. RNAs from all BTV field isolates used in this study, propagated in cell cultures, were detected by the described RT-PCR-based assay. The first specific 790 bp BTV PCR products were amplified using a pair of outer primers (BTV1 and BTV2). Specificity of the PCR products was confirmed by a nested amplification of a 520 bp PCR product using a pair of internal (nested) primers (BTV3 and BTV4). The BTV PCR products were visualized on ethidium bromide-stained agarose gels. Amplification products were not detected when the RT-PCR-based assay was applied to RNAs from closely related orbiviruses including, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) prototypes serotypes 1, 2, 4; RNA from Sudanese isolate of palyam orbiviruses serogroup and total nucleic acid extracts from uninfected Vero cells. Application of the nested BTV RT-PCR to clinical samples resulted in amplification of BTV RNA from blood and serum samples from goats experimentally infected with BTV4 and from naturally infected sheep, goats, cattle and deer. The results of this study indicated that this RT-PCR assay could be applied for rapid detection of BTV, in cell culture and clinical samples from susceptible ruminants during an outbreak of the disease, in the United States and African.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Bluetongue virus
  • Molecular diagnostics
  • RT-PCR
  • dsRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • General Veterinary


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