Seroprevalence of maternal HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis in a major maternity hospital in North Kordofan, Sudan

Sirelkhatim M. Elkheir, Zahir O.E. Babiker, Sabah K. Elamin, Mohammed I.A. Yassin, Khidir E. Awadalla, Mohamed A. Bealy, Ahmed A. Agab Eldour, Fath E. Alloba, Sowsan F. Atabani, Husam K.E. Osman, Abdel G. Babiker, Elbushra A.M. Herieka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Routine infectious diseases screening of Sudanese pregnant women has been patchy due to scarcity of healthcare resources and social stigma. We sought to determine the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis among pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) at El Obeid Maternity Hospital in western Sudan. We also explored the association between these infections and a set of socio-demographic and maternal variables. Unlinked anonymous testing for HIV-1/2 antibodies, hepatitis B surface antigen, and Treponema pallidum antibodies was performed on residual blood samples collected during routine ANC (August 2016–March 2017). Seroprevalence of HIV was 1.13% (5/444; 95% CI 0.37–2.61%), hepatitis B 2.93% (13/444; 95% CI 1.57–4.95%), and syphilis 7.43% (33/444; 95% CI 5.17–10.28%). On bivariate analysis, there were no statistically significant associations between hepatitis B, syphilis, or a composite outcome including any of the three infections and age, stage of pregnancy, gravidity, parity, previous mode of delivery, history of blood transfusion, or husband polygamy. Urgent action is needed to scale up routine maternal screening for HIV, hepatitis B, and syphilis on an opt-out basis. Further research into the socio-demographic and behavioural determinants of these infections as well as their clinical outcomes is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1336
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume29
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Sudan
  • epidemiology
  • hepatitis B
  • pregnancy
  • syphilis
  • unlinked anonymous testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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