Short-term nose-only water-pipe (Shisha) smoking exposure accelerates coagulation and causes cardiac inflammation and oxidative stress in mice

Abderrahim Nemmar, Priya Yuvaraju, Sumaya Beegam, Badreldin H. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aim: Water-pipe smoking (WPS) has acquired worldwide popularity, and is disseminating particularly rapidly in Europe and North America. However, little is known about the short-term cardiovascular effects of WPS. Methods: Presently, we assessed the short-term cardiovascular effects of nose-only exposure to mainstream WPS in BALB/c mice for 30 min/day for 5 consecutive days. Control mice were exposed to air. At the end of the exposure period, several cardiovascular endpoints were measured. Results: WPS did not affect the number of leukocytes and the plasma concentrations of C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Likewise, plasma levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced glutathione (GSH) and catalase were not affected by WPS. By contrast, WPS aggravated in vivo thrombosis by shortening the thrombotic occlusion time in pial arterioles and venules. The number of circulating platelets was reduced by WPS suggesting the occurrence of platelet aggregation in vivo. Elevated concentrations of fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were seen after the exposure to WPS. Blood samples taken from mice exposed to WPS and exposed to adenosine diphosphate showed more platelet aggregation. The heart concentrations of IL-6 and TNFα were augmented by WPS. Likewise, heart levels of LPO, reactive oxygen species and the antioxidants catalase and GSH were increased by WPS. However, the systolic blood pressure and heart rate were not affected by WPS. Conclusion: It can be concluded that short-term exposure to WPS exerts procoagulatory effects and induce cardiac inflammation and oxidative stress. At the time point investigated, there was no evidence for blood inflammatio

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-840
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 4 2015


  • Heart
  • Inflammation
  • Nose-only exposure
  • Oxidative stress
  • Short-term
  • Thrombosis
  • Water-pipe smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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