Coking is still a major cause of catalyst deactivation in catalytic methane reforming processes. In this work, doping the support of Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts with iron to provide redox functionality was found to significantly enhance coking resistance in methane partial oxidation. Catalysts with well-dispersed Fe3+ in the support, with Fe mass% in the range of 1.1–15.2 were prepared and tested in reactions at 700 °C. The catalyst with 3.2% Fe in the support showed negligible crystalline carbon at a coking rate of 9.0 × 10−6 gcg−1catalysth−1 compared with its Fe-free counterpart that showed a coking rate of 7.7 × 10−4 gcg−1catalysth−1. On the other hand, ≥10% Fe resulted in the formation of FeAl2O4 and Fe0 that promoted considerable coking. The unique influence of iron was referred to the role of the dispersed Fe2+, which is dominant upon reduction, in promoting a redox cycle that allow the oxidation and removal of carbon.
- Ni catalysts
- Partial oxidation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology