Simple analyzer for continuous monitoring of sulfur dioxide in gas streams

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The construction, optimization and use of simple and inexpensive gas analyzer for real time measurement of sulfur dioxide in gas streams are described. The analyzer consisted of three main components (i) a custom fabricated hollow fiber membrane (HFM) gas contactor, (ii) carrier solution which absorbs SO2 molecules from the gas stream in the HFM gas contactor and (iii) a flow-through detector placed downstream which continuously measures the changes occurred to the carrier solution upon absorption of SO2 molecules. The significant acidic properties of the produced sulfurous acid suggested pH and conductivity detectors to monitor the decrease in pH or the increase in the conductivity which constituted the basis for quantification of SO2 in the gas line. Aqueous potassium oxalate (10- 1 mol/L) and hydrogen peroxide (10- 3 mol/L) were used as carrier solutions in combination with pH and conductivity detectors, respectively. The analyzer equipped with pH detector provided linear potentiometric response to SO2 concentration up to 1000 ppm with Nernstian slop of 61 mV/log[SO2]. Excellent SO2 recoveries (97-108%) were obtained in the presence of several folds of potentially interfering acidic gases, i.e., CO2 and H2S. The conductivity detector provided linear response up to 2500 ppm. Under optimized conditions, both detectors offered several favorable performance characteristics such as (i) fast response and recovery times, (ii) excellent signal stability and reproducibility (RSD = 0.5%), (iii) intrinsic high selectivity to most common neutral gases, e.g., CH4, N2, O2, CO, etc. The suggested analyzer was applied successfully in monitoring the removal of SO2 from SO2-N2 gas mixtures with hollow fiber membrane contactor using distilled water or aqueous sodium hydroxide as stripping solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010


  • Conductivity detector
  • Gas analyzer
  • Hollow fiber membrane contactors
  • Sulfur dioxide determination
  • pH detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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