Simultaneous detection of clostridium perfringens and clostridium colinum by duplex-polymerase chain reaction

D. A. Roussan, Ibrahem A. Shaheen, W. S. Totanji, G. Y. Khawaldeh, R. H. Al-Rifai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we provide a protocol for detection of Clostridium colinum and Clostridium perfringens by the single-tube duplex-PCR (dPCR) test for simultaneous and specific detection of both bacteria from pure cultures and fecal samples spiked with these pathogens. Specific primers for each pathogen were selected that amplified products of predicted sizes from bacteria in the dPCR as well as in the single-tube PCR (sPCR) assays. The sensitivity and specificity of dPCR assay were compared with those of the sPCR. No product amplification was obtained with DNA from reference strains belonging to the genus Clostridium (except C. colinum and C. perfringens) and isolates belonging to another genera using these primer sets. The dPCR assay was as sensitive as the sPCR assay because bacterial detection limits were similar in both assays. The detection limits of sPCR and dPCR in bacterial suspension were 20 and 25 cfu/mL for C. colinum and C. perfrin-gens, respectively. Meanwhile, in the presence of feces the sensitivity of both assays decreased to a detection limit of 1.25 × 104 and 1.94 × 104 cfu/g of feces for C. colinum and C. perfringens, respectively. In summary, dPCR assay holds potential to be an economical and rapid diagnostic method for the simultaneous detection of C. colinum and C. perfringens in pure cultures and could be used to screen fecal samples for the presence of these pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3080-3085
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Clostridium colinum
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Duplex PCR
  • Single PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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