Simultaneous Scheduling and Synthesis of Industrial Water Allocation Networks

Sudha Chauhan, Munawar A. Shaik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work addresses integration of batch scheduling with water allocation, recycle and reuse opportunities for freshwater minimization in batch plants via sequential and simultaneous methodologies. The presented scheduling model is based on state task network representation and unit-specific event based continuous time formulation. In the production scheduling model, a three-index finish time variable has been considered for handling multiple states having different processing time durations for the same task in a processing unit. The scheduling model introduces constraints to handle storage violations for production and consumption of the same state in the same unit. In the water network model for freshwater minimization, a regeneration unit along with a central water storage tank has been included to exploit the possibility of water reuse in the washing units. Four case studies are solved with single and multiple contaminants to evaluate the performance of the proposed model, which gives better savings in terms of freshwater consumption and thus also minimizes the effluent generation. Additionally, a preliminary analysis for two-objective optimization is presented where revenue is maximized, and the total water cost is minimized simultaneously using the weighted-sum method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number210
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • industrial water use
  • mathematical programming
  • optimization
  • scheduling
  • water allocation network
  • water recycling and reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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