Full-duplex technology is likely to be adopted in various legacy communications standards. The IEEE 802.11ax Working Group has been considering a simultaneous transmit and receive (STR) mode for the next generation WLANs. Enabling STR mode (FD communication mode) in 802.11 networks creates bidirectional FD (BFD) and unidirectional FD (UFD) links. The key challenge is to integrate STR mode with minimal protocol modifications, while considering the coexistence of FD and legacy half-duplex STAs and backward compatibility. This article proposes a simple and practical approach to enable STR mode in 802.11 networks with coexisting FD and HD STAs. The protocol explicitly accounts for the peculiarities of FD environments and backward compatibility. Key aspects of the proposed solution include FD capability discovery, a handshake mechanism for channel access, node selection for UFD transmission, adaptive ACK timeout for STAs engaged in BFD or UFD transmission, and mitigation of contention unfairness. Performance evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed solution in realizing the gains of FD technology for next generation WLANs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering