Singular soliton molecules of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Khelifa Mohammed Elhadj, L. Al Sakkaf, U. Al Khawaja, Abdelaâli Boudjemaâ

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We derive an exact solution to the local nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) using the Darboux transformation method. The solution describes the profile and dynamics of a two-soliton molecule. Using an algebraically decaying seed solution, we obtain a two-soliton solution with diverging peaks, which we denote as singular soliton molecule. We find that this solution has a finite binding energy. We calculate the force and potential of interaction between the two solitons, which turn out to be of molecular-type. The robustness of the bond between the two solitons is also verified. Furthermore, we obtain an exact solution to the nonlocal NLSE using the same method and seed solution. The solution in this case corresponds to an elastic collision of a soliton, a breather soliton on flat background, and a breather soliton on a background with linear ramp. Finally, we consider an NLSE which is nonlocal in time rather than space. Although we did not find a Lax pair to this equation, we derive three exact solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042221
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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