Smart grid communications: Overview of research challenges, solutions, and standardization activities

Zhong Fan, Parag Kulkarni, Sedat Gormus, Costas Efthymiou, Georgios Kalogridis, Mahesh Sooriyabandara, Ziming Zhu, Sangarapillai Lambotharan, Woon Hau Chin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

494 Citations (Scopus)


Optimization of energy consumption in future intelligent energy networks (or Smart Grids) will be based on grid-integrated near-real-time communications between various grid elements in generation, transmission, distribution and loads. This paper discusses some of the challenges and opportunities of communications research in the areas of smart grid and smart metering. In particular, we focus on some of the key communications challenges for realizing interoperable and future-proof smart grid/metering networks, smart grid security and privacy, and how some of the existing networking technologies can be applied to energy management. Finally, we also discuss the coordinated standardization efforts in Europe to harmonize communications standards and protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6129368
Pages (from-to)21-38
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Demand response
  • Interoperability
  • Privacy
  • Renewable energy
  • Security
  • Smart grid
  • Smart metering
  • Standards
  • Wireline and wireless communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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