Social justice and intercountry adoptions: The role of the U.S. socialwork community

Jini L. Roby, Karen Rotabi, Kelley M. Bunkers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using social justice as the conceptual foundation, the authors present the structural barriers to socially just intercountry adoptions (ICAs) that can exploit and oppress vulnerable children and families participating in ICAs. They argue that such practices threaten the integrity of social work practice in that arena and the survival of ICA as a placement option. Government structures, disparity of power between countries and families on both sides, perceptions regarding poverty, cultural incompetence, misconceptions about orphans and orphanages, lack of knowledge about the impact of institution-based care, and the profit motive are driving forces behind the growing shadow of unethical ICAs. The U.S. social work community has a large role and responsibility in addressing these concerns as the United States receives the most children adopted through ICAs of all receiving countries. In addition to the centrality of social justice as a core value of the profession, the responsibility to carry out ethical and socially just ICA has recently increased as a matter of law, under the implementation legislation to the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption. While acknowledging that these issues are complex, authors provide suggestions for corrective policy and practice measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-303
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Work (United States)
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption
  • Human rights
  • Intercountry adoption
  • Social justice
  • Subsidiarity principle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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