The author proposed soft decision feedback equalisation for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission over doubly selective channels which is used for turbo equalisation. The doubly selective channel is approximated using the basis expansion model (BEM). The decision feedback equaliser (DFE) is obtained and updated for every sub-carrier which results in a per-tone DFE. On the basis of the Gaussian approximation, expressions for the a priori, the a posteriori and the extrinsic information have been derived for quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulation. For turbo equalisation, where iterative joint channel equalisation and channel decoding is executed, in the first iteration, estimates are based on the feed-forward filter which are fed to the channel decoder. These estimates are not reliable and may incur error propagation and poor turbo equalisation performance. For more reliable estimates in the first iteration, the DFE is initialised as a linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) equaliser. The per-tone LMMSE soft-output equaliser is also derived, and expressions for the a priori, a posteriori and extrinsic information are obtained viewing the LMMSE equaliser as a special case of the DFE. The extrinsic information in both cases was derived based on the Gaussian approximation. Numerical results for bit-error rate performance assuming the BEM channel model and Jakes' channel model are shown to confirm our findings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering