Sometimes enough is enough: Nurses’ nonlinear levels of passion and the influence of politics

Wayne Hochwarter, Samantha Jordan, Ilias Kapoutsis, Jennifer Franczak, Mayowa Babalola, Abdul Karim Khan, Yingge Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Does work politics get in the way of nurses’ passions even when mired in a global pandemic? To address this question, we examined the nonlinear associations of general work passion with job outcomes for practicing nurses and investigated whether these relationships were consistent across levels of perceived work politics. Results from multi-source, time-separated data indicated that passion possessed nonlinear associations with job satisfaction (inverted U-shape), work effort (U-shape), organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) (U-shape), and work performance (U-shape). Furthermore, passion demonstrated nonlinear relationships with job satisfaction and work effort when perceptions of organizational politics (POPs) were high (inverted U-shape) and low (U-shape). A nonlinear relationship emerged when POPs were high (inverted U-shape) when examining work passion associations with OCBs and job performance. Conversely, nonlinear associations were nonsignificant when POPs were low. These findings question the often-held assumption of linearity in the organizational sciences, in general, and support the speculation of more complex passion – outcome forms, specifically. We discuss implications of these results for nursing practice and scholarship, strengths, limitations, and avenues for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1162-1190
Number of pages29
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • healthcare
  • job performance
  • organizational citizenship behavior
  • perceptions of organizational politics
  • work effort
  • work passion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • General Social Sciences
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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