Special type trocar-site hernia with evisceration of the appendix following laparoscopic repair of a perforated duodenal ulcer

Jim Byrne, John D. Kehoe, Mohammed Yasser Kayyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trocar-site hernia is an uncommon complication of laparoscopic surgery and can be classified as early-onset, late-onset or special type. Special type hernias usually occur in the early postoperative period and result in evisceration of intra-abdominal contents through all layers of the abdominal wall without an overlying hernia sac. We present a case of special type herniation of the appendix through a 5-mm trocar site in the right iliac fossa following laparoscopic repair of a perforated duodenal ulcer. In this case, herniation occurred after removal of a drain inserted through the trocar site intraoperatively and was treated with emergent open appendicectomy. A number of patient and technical factors may be associated with an increased risk of trocar-site herniation including increasing age, elevated body mass index, increasing trocar size, longer procedure duration and absence of fascial closure. These factors must be borne in mind when planning trocar placement and number to reduce the risk of herniation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberrjaa376
JournalJournal of Surgical Case Reports
Volume2020
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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