Stability and transitions in school-aged children's physical education need satisfaction profiles: A latent transition analysis

Arto Gråstén, C. K. John Wang, Mikko Huhtiniemi, Timo Jaakkola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined stability and transitions of school-aged children's self-determination theory-based need satisfaction profiles in physical education (PE) over three years. Participants were 1121 (girls 573, boys 548) Finnish school children. The self-report data were assessed using identical procedures from 2017 to 2020. Three latent need satisfaction profiles were identified: Low, Mid, and High need satisfactions. Transitions mainly occurred between grade 5 and 6 in elementary school, after which the profile memberships remained relatively stable. The profile memberships were not school- or PE group dependent over time. These results indicate that school-based actions to achieve a positive impact on need satisfaction development could already be commenced in the early school years, as it may be more challenging to induce positive changes in student behaviours after children have transitioned to middle school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Autonomy
  • Competence
  • Latent transition analysis
  • Relatedness
  • School

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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