Rashid Al Shali, Ghulam Qadir, Asalah El Naffar, Batoul Hittini, Aisha Obaid, Hind Rida

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The world is suffering from the worse refugee crises since World War II as Syria alone has 7.6 million. Out of which 85,000 people (December 2015) are living at Al Zaatari camp located in Jordan near to Jerusalem. A need to design and build a sustainable self-sufficient educational center for the school children was felt. A district wise study and site analysis was performed using geographical information and climate analysis computer tool, Climate Consultant 6.0 to figure out important factors like quantity of ground water, rainfall intensity, solar radiation and sun path at the site. Integrating different sustainable active and passive strategies for energy generation developed building plan. The model was simulated using annual whole building energy modeling software (Safeira â„¢), Photovoltaics can produce 50% of the required energy, natural ventilation and geothermal heat pump can reduce the annual energy consumption by 9.28% and 2% respectively, if used in months in which they are more useful whereas the remaining energy can be covered by wind turbines. With skylights, enough daylight was provided (unlit areas were reduced to 10%) and providing natural ventilation as well. It was concluded that a Stand-Alone refugee center for Syrian refugees at Al Zatari camp is possible and could well be constructed if proper support from international community is provided.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of International Structural Engineering and Construction
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event9th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference, ISEC-9 2017 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: Jul 24 2017Jul 29 2017


  • Energy efficient building
  • Refugee
  • Resilient
  • Simulation
  • Sustainable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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