State-of-the-art review on power system resilience and assessment techniques

Suhail Afzal, Hazlie Mokhlis, Hazlee Azil Lllias, Nurulafiqah Nadzirah Mansor, Hussain Shareef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Modern societies these days are more dependent on electrical energy and they expect a continuous supply as per demand. In this regard, the complex power system is designed to supply electrical energy with a certain level of quality and continuity though it is still susceptible to vandalism, natural disasters, and extreme weather. The black sky event where the power grid goes down is more of a possibility nowadays than ever due to more frequent severe weather events. This in turn has increased the need to study resilience in the context of the power system. This study presents a comprehensive review of the literature on power system resilience from various perspectives. First, well-developed power system safety concepts are discussed and critically reviewed in view of large-scale power outages. Then, the various definitions and confounding features of resilience in the power system domain are presented. Subsequently, several frameworks, resilience curves, and quantitative metrics proposed in recent years for power system resilience are investigated, followed by a summary of hardening strategies. Next, a case study is presented to illustrate how the resilience of a 69-bus system is assessed against a hurricane. Finally, the study highlights challenges and proposes several future works to achieve a resilient power grid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6107-6121
Number of pages15
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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