STOCHASTIC DELAY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF THREE-SPECIES PREY-PREDATOR SYSTEM WITH COOPERATION AMONG PREY SPECIES

Fathalla A. Rihan, Hebatallah J. Alsakaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmental factors and random variation have strong effects on the dynamics of biological and ecological systems. In this paper, we propose a stochastic delay differential model of two-prey, one-predator system with cooperation among prey species against predator. The model has a global positive solution. Sufficient conditions of existence and uniqueness of an ergodic stationary distribution of the positive solution are provided, by constructing suitable Lyapunov functionals. Sufficient conditions for possible extinction of the predator populations are also obtained. The conditions are expressed in terms of a threshold parameter Rs 0 that relies on the environmental noise. Illustrative examples and numerical simulations, using Milstein's scheme, are carried out to illustrate the theoretical results. A small scale of noise can promote survival of the species. While relative large noises can lead to possible extinction of the species in such an environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-263
Number of pages19
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series S
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • DDEs, Extinction
  • Stationary distribution and ergodicity
  • Stochastic DDEs
  • Stochastic prey-predator model
  • Time-delays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Applied Mathematics

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