Stochastic information management for voltage regulation in smart distribution systems

Hao Liang, Atef Abdrabou, Weihua Zhuang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study distributed generation (DG) integration in smart grid, with a focus on the voltage regulation in smart distribution systems. To ensure the operation of a smart distribution system at an acceptable voltage level, voltage regulators are deployed at some strategic locations for voltage control. The two-way communication functionality of the smart distribution system is leveraged such that the voltage regulators are coordinated by a distribution substation. Based on the measurement reports from remote terminal units (RTUs) deployed at DG unit and load connection points, stochastic information management is performed by the distribution substation to address the randomness in renewable power generation and load demand. In this paper, we formulate a voltage regulation problem in the smart distribution system based on power flow analysis, while taking into account communication delays. We show that the problem can be represented as a partially observed Markov decision process (POMDP). Since voltage regulation is performed at a relatively low frequency to avoid excessive wear and tear on the voltage regulators, a large amount of measurements should be reported by the RTUs and processed by the distribution substation for optimal voltage regulation. In order to reduce the communication and computational overhead, we further investigate the voltage regulation problem and mathematically prove that a relatively small amount of information is sufficient for the distribution substation to make an optimal decision. The theoretical results are evaluated based on a case study of IEEE 13-bus test system with real DG power generation and demand data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE INFOCOM 2014 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781479933600
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event33rd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2014 - Toronto, ON, Canada
Duration: Apr 27 2014May 2 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
ISSN (Print)0743-166X


Other33rd IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2014
CityToronto, ON

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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