Strut-tie analysis of beams with external tendons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Strengthening of concrete beams by means of external tendons has been increasingly used. Analysis of such beams is more difficult than that of beams with internal bonded tendons because the stress in external tendons depends on the deformations of the whole beam. In the current paper, a simple model based on the strut-and-tie method is presented to predict the capacity of simply supported externally prestressed concrete beams subjected to equal concentrated loads at third-points. The model defines the struts and ties that form a load transfer mechanism in the beams. It predicts the ultimate loads the beam can carry and the force in the tendons at failure using the section method and equilibrium equations. When comparing the results obtained using the proposed model with others in the literature, the model was found to be conservative. The proposed model is intended to help designers in the inspection and structural assessment of beams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007


  • Beams & girders
  • Cables & tendons
  • Concrete structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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