Subchronic exposure to high-dose ACE-inhibitor moexipril induces catalase activity in rat liver

E. Adeghate, M. Y. Hasan, A. S. Ponery, S. M. Nurulain, G. A. Petroianu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The long-term clinical effects of ACE-inhibitors have similarities with those of both fibrates and glitazones, activators of peroxisome proliferator activator receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma, respectively. The antioxidant enzyme catalase, a heme protein that degrades hydrogen peroxide, is found at high concentrations in peroxisomes. Catalase activity is one of the recognized surrogate markers indicative of PPAR activation in the rat liver. The purpose of the study was to establish the effect of moexipril on catalase activity and to compare it with the effect of both saline controls and that of the known PPAR agonist clofibrate (positive control). Three groups of seven rats were used. All substances were applied i.p. daily for 5 days, followed by a 2-day break. The cycle was repeated eight times. After the final cycle (day 56) the animals were sacrificed and liver tissue collected. The number of catalase positive cells in both moexipril group (95% CI 57-61) and clofibrate group (95% CI 72-80) is higher than in controls (95% CI 3-16) (p ≤0.01). The number of catalase positive cells in the clofibrate group is higher than in the moexipril group (p ≤ 0.01). High-dose subchronic exposure to the ACE-inhibitor moexipril induces catalase activity in the rat liver to an extent comparable to fibrates. We suggest that some of the long-term advantages of ACE inhibitor use - beyond mere BP lowering - might be due to a PPAR mediated effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular and cellular biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005


  • ACE inhibitor
  • Catalase
  • Fibrates
  • Moexipril
  • PPAR
  • Rodents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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